Section III — Communication between man (microcosm) and the macrocosm
There is an ancient saying in India ‘Yatha Samashti Srishti Tatha Manav Vyasthi Sristhi’ meaning ‘as is in macrocosm, so is in human-microcosm’. The Free Dictionary (www.freedictionary.com) defines “microcosm” as a complex structure, such as the universe or society, regarded as an entirety, as opposed to microcosms, which have a similar structure and are contained within it; and “microcosm” as a small, representative system having analogies to a larger system in constitution, configuration, or development. This suggests that for man to qualify as a microcosm of the macrocosm — (a) he needs to be similar in constitution or configuration or development to the macrocosm; and (b) he needs to be a sub-system of the macrocosm
responds to the laws of the closed system (macrocosm) like a sub-system.
If we analyze the human frame and its subjective functions we will find that there are three main factors in the economy of human construct and existence.
The first is the “human body and the appended senses”, composed of solid,
liquid, gaseous, calorific, and ethereal condition of matter along with non- intelligent forces of nature, generated by the action of energy through the medium peculiar to each.
The second is the “mind” consisting of four actions — (a) responses at
mental plane which give rise to thoughts; (b) projection of the thoughts on an object and forming an association with it, enabled by the spiritual current; (c) intelligence, which is the source of comprehension, a resultant of the convergence of the spiritual current; and (d) ego, which differentiates its comprehension from that of the others.
The third is the “spirit” which provides vitality to the other two factors and
without the help of which, the other two factors would remain dormant and
inoperative. [Sahab, 2006, p.19]
Thus, the ‘soul-mentality-body’ continuum found in man is identical to the ‘spirit-mind-matter’ continuum found in the macrocosm. Thus there also exists a 1:1 correspondence between the two continuums in terms of construct.
Regarding the second question, how man responds to the environment of the
macrocosm. The traditional Indian wisdom (Vedanta) through its theory of three
human bodies (Shariras) — Gross Body (Sthula Sharira), Subtle Body (Linga Sharira) and Causal Body (Karana Sharira) and five human sheaths (Koshas) — Food Sheath (Annamaya Kosha), Vital Air Sheath (Pranamaya Kosha), Mind Sheath (Manomaya Kosha), Intellect Sheath (Vigyanmaya Kosha), Bliss Sheath (Anandamaya Kosha); does give us some idea about the communion that takes place between man and the macrocosm at the physical, mental and spiritual level, but not in as much detail as found in the writings of ‘Religion of Saints — Radhasoami Faith’.
As per the teachings of Radhasoami Faith there exists a 1:1 correspondence between the human body and the macrocosm. The human body is blessed with six “Apertures” called “Padmas” located in the white matter of the brain, six “Nerve Centers” called “Kamals” located in the grey matter of the brain, and six “Chakras” or “Ganglias” located in the human body. The six Padmas are located between the top of the forehead and the top of the head and have a direct correspondence with the six planes of the Region of Universal Spirit. The six Kamals having a direct correspondence with the six planes of the Region of Universal Mind are located between the lower forehead and the top of the forehead; and the six Chakras located at the rectum, reproductive organs, navel, heart, throat and between the eyes in the human body have a direct correspondence with planes of the Region of Universal Matter. The human frame is also directly linked with the Region of Universal Spirit and the Region of Universal Mind as the spirit (atman/soul) resides at Ganglion # 6 (between the eyes), and the subtle mind and mind reside at Ganglion # 5 (throat) and Ganglion # 4 (heart) respectively.
The six Ganglia in the human body are kinetic, while the six nerve centers in the forehead and the six apertures in the head are dormant. All the eighteen sub-divisions are connected by two currents — (a) the outward center forming spiritual current which moves from top to bottom connecting two successive planes, and (b) the inward sound current moving from bottom to top also connecting two successive planes. In this manner a loop is formed between two planes which facilitate the spirit to move from a lower plane to a higher plane (expansion of consciousness). Further, each plane of first region and the second region possess a unique mystic sound (e.g. Om, Sat,
Rarang, Sohum, etc.) which is constantly resonating in that plane. When man meditates at Ganglia 6 (focusing all his attention inwards and brings his body and mind to a standstill) and repeats any mystic word, it produces vibrations that emanate sound which is in resonance with the sound of the spirit current of the plane represented by the mystic name. As the concentration increases one starts hearing the sound more clearly.
It works in the form of a (Figure2) crescendo and attracts one to higher planes. As one experiences new spiritual domains (planes), he begins to share all the powers and intuition of that plane. In this manner, one responds to the laws of the macrocosm and ascends to higher planes. With each ascend, doors to new experiences are opened which bring about a profound change in the internal and external personality. He starts transcending from self-centeredness to selflessness — ‘I’ predominant to ‘We’ predominant. The macro schematic depiction of the communication process is as per Figure 2 [Satsangi, 2008b: p.190]. The communication mechanism between the two successive planes is identical to the mechanism shown between the grand divisions in the figure.